RahXephon has a very detailed plot behind it that spans
thousands of years. While the series does indeed play fair with
the viewers and generally gives you all the clues you need to sort
the story out it can be easy to miss an important reference.
Certainly reviews like the one featured on Animeondvd for
of this series underline this point. So presented below is my take
on the events of the series. This is an exercise in seeing how
well the series tracks as well as getting clear in my own head
exactly what happened. Nothing quite like writing a detailed
timeline to force you to notice details.
Where a date is marked as either estimated or approximated then
the date is an infered one drawn either from supporting material
or speculated a little on my part. Some are wild speculation,
particularly my linkage to Cortez's exploits as a motivation for
Bahbem doing a few things. Generally when a day is marked as being
estimated then it is an event referenced in the series but no
clear time markers are given as to when it occured. A little
deductive reasoning has been applied to guess the day on which it
occured. I also have drawn a little on the history presented by
James Churchward in his book 'The Lost Continent of Mu'.
Only a little here as the series itself marks his work as being
only loosely connected with the reality the series presents and
also because I have only found brief summaries of his book, not
the book itself.
It shouldn't need to be said that this is extremely rich in
spoilers. I would suggest you don't read this till you have
finished the series. Hopefully however it will provide an aid for
others who are a little confused about the backstory of the series
and want to know exactly what was going on.
- 10,000 B.C. (approximated) The Great Empire of Mu
has it's humble beginings on the Continent of Mu. For the next
several thousand years expansion over the continent and
consolidation into one unified culture occurs along with
technological development. Surpasing atomic theory the Mu
develop a Grand Unified theory and are able to tap into Quantum
effects giving them access to considerable power and materials
technology. This line of development culminates in the Xephon
project, the ability to tap into the fundaments of the universe
and reorder it at will into a desired state.
- 4,000-3,500 B.C. (estimated) Having conquered their
continent the Empire of Mu begins spreading to the rest of the
world. In rapid succession colonies are formed in Egypt, South
America and Burma. South America is the earliest and most
widespread colony effort with the greatest effect on the native
peoples of all the colonies. Egypt is second with Burma the
last. The architectural styles of the Mu people, along with
their technological advancements and culture spread in the
world at large. The legend of the Atlantians is born.
- 3,342 B.C. Bahbem, after many years of research and
project work, suceeds in creating an artificial God - the
Xephon system. However during construction and testing
cataclysmic failiure occurs. The world bifurcates in two,
humanity observes the 'destruction' of the Continent of Mu. The
legend of Atlantis is strengthened into the tale of hubris and
pride we know today. In reality the continent and the Mu people
in general have been stranded in an alternate reality Earth,
one where the continent is the only major landmass and around
95% of the surface is water covered. Their new situation forces
the inhabitants of Mu to resort to the construction of
elabourate floating cities to providing living room. Making
matters worse the vast bulk of the civic infrastructure on both
worlds has been destroyed. Collapse and regression into darker
times begins on the human side of the dimensional divide.
Bahbem however is stranded away from the continent of Mu,
seemingly almost as a deliberate touch by the Xephon system
itself. He begins study into the failiure and realises that the
system works but that the choice of instrumentalist, namely
himself, was flawed. Further study reveals that the changes
made by the Xephon system are unstable, the cross dimensional
split will begin to collapse resulting in a second catclysmic
event causing both worlds to become 'a sea of mud'. Only the
correct application of the Xephon system can avert this however
it has also been split in two with a Black Egg left in the
human world and a White Egg with the Mu. To prepare for this
Bahbem creates a time keeping system, one sufficiently accurate
to span the 5,372 years - taking into account precession, to
when the dimensional barrier will have weakened enough to
permit the Mu to return with their half of the Xephon.
- 3,340 B.C.(estimated) Stone tablets, written in
Nacaal - the language of the Mu, record the rise and fall of
the Great Mu Empire. Copies are stored in Egypt, Burma and
- 3,320 B.C. (estimated) Bahbem begins cloning
replacement bodies for himself and transfering his
consciousness between bodies while he awaits the return of the
- 3,300 - 3,000 B.C. Collapse of the Burma and
Egyptian colonies occurs while the South America colony reverts
back to a much simpler way of existing. Thanks to Bahbem's
influence however the story of the return of the Xephon and the
time keeping is maintained. Echoes of the Mu abound in
architecture, culture and science causing the sites of their
old colonies to become ripe grounds for flourishing of new
civilisations. Bahbem continues in South America shaping the
rise of the Mexica peoples who maintain the closest ties to the
Mu civilisation as a result.
- 1576 A.D. Bahbem, noting the rise of Europe as the
centre of technological learning most likely to persist through
to the required time, creates the 'Nacaal Trading Company'
which later reforms into the Bahbem Foundation and moves the
centre of operations into Europe. He later relocates again into
the Pacific. His hand is somewhat forced by the Spanish whose
ruthless conquest of South America led by Hernando Cortez some
seventy years earlier results in the final collapse of the last
direct cultural link to the Mu empire. Mayan timekeeping falls
into neglect and for the next four hundred years the rest of
the world is unaware of the nearing deadline.
- 1700 A.D. (estimated) Bahbem regains contact with
the survivors of the Great Mu Empire. While the dimensional
shift now permits infrequent contact the barrier is still
sufficiently great that physical transfer of materials simply
isn't possible. Bahbem relays the results of his research
including the pending second catclysmic failiure. He pitches a
plan to the Mu to use the Xephon system to reverse the split
and unify the two dimensions back into one whole world again,
allowing the Mu to return to what they view as their rightful
place as premiere culture on Earth. The Mu begin further study
of humanity and the plan Bahbem outlines.
- 1868 A.D. While stationed in India one British
Officer, James Churchward, befriends a local Bhuddist monk.
Through his friend he is shown stone tablets, written in
Nacaal, the last extant copy of the history of the Great Empire
of Mu and it's subsequent loss. Taking copious notes James
proceeds with a rough translation of the work and begins
digging for further evidence of this unknown civilisation.
- 1926 A.D. After years of research James Churchward
publishes the book of his findings. 'The Lost Continent of Mu'
debuts on the literary scene to be largely ignored, quickly
becoming a relatively obscure title. Hampered by his inability
to provide the stone tablets that were the lynchpin of his
research his work is ignored in favour of more conventional
- 1900 A.D. (estimated) The Bahbem Foundation has
grown to considerable power and influence. Secretly shaping
human development Bahbem has been guiding humanity to the
requisite technological level to permit the training of an
instrumentalist to occur.
- 1960 A.D. (estimated) With World War I and II
finally over the Mu come to realisation that humanity is too
fractious to permit the Xephon tuning to occur. They require
ground troops of some description to keep humanity from
interferring. Bahbem begins research into the problem
eventually proposing a solution that solves two problems in
one. Using an offshoot of the Xephon research he proposes the
creation of Dolems, clay based titans that serve as linking
stones between the two dimensions allowing the consciousness of
a Mu to subvert and control a prepared human. This linking
process alters the human so linked to become a full blooded
Mulian and also tightly binds them to the Dolem in question.
Damage sustained by the Dolem results in damage to both the
human but also the Mulian still back in the Mu's seperate
dimension. While a risky gambit the technology edge that the Mu
enjoys over humanity lessens the risk and the big gain is the
expenditure required to make the linkage is considerably less
than that needed to physicly transfer a Mulian between the
Of course a side effect is that a human personality is often
entirely supressed by the dominant Mu one making the transfer.
The resultant personality change often makes the Mu stand out
and certainly does little to endear the Mu to humans aware of
the process. It also speaks volumes to the Mu's opinion of
humanity that they consider this an acceptable solution.
However Bahbem begins to doubt the Mu's resolve to actually
use the Xephon system. He fears that they will not use it to
its full potential and begins playing a double game of priming
humanity to use the Xephon if neccesary.
- 1980 A.D. (estimated) Thanks to Bahbem Foundation
grants Professor Shougo Rikudoh and his assistant Shirou Watari
arrive to study the Neriya Shrine, finding contained within the
Black Egg of Xephon.
- 1987 A.D. disturbing information is translated from
the ruins at Neriya pointing to the priming of the Xephon with
the return of the second component in 2012. Bahbem further
primes TERRA to wrest control of the Xephon.
- 1989 A.D. Sent by the Mu two young woman, Maya
Kamina and Quon Al Padis, are spirited forth from an ancient
shrine on Nirai-Kanai to be discovered by Shirou Watari. Quon,
already close to the correct age to be an instrumentalist for
the Xephon, is kept in stasis by the Bahbem Foundation. Her
genetic makeup is subsquently used in the instrumentalist
program which has been suffering a string of failures using
Bahbem's genetic stock alone. Maya however awakens too early to
become an instrumentalist herself, instead she helps with the
creation of a human instrumentalist as the Xephon system
requires. Meanwhile she lives as an adopted daughter with
Shougo Rikudoh on Nirai Island.
- 1996 A.D. (estimated) Shirou Kamina and Maya Rikudoh
- 1998 A.D. Itsuki and Ayato are born as twin
brothers. A composite makeup of Shirou Watari and Quon's
genetic material it is hoped one of them will provide the
requisite human instrumentalist. Itsuki, along with Bahbem
replacement body Helena and D type instrumentalist Isshiki, are
reared at the Bahbem Foundation where they are instilled with
the knowledge that they are superior to humanity at large being
born of a chosen bloodline. Ayato however is given to Shirou
and Maya to raise.
The Bahbem Foundation begins seeding Tokyo with 'D' type
cloned instrumentalists, all integrated into the general
populace. Providing a ready population base for synchronisation
- 2005 A.D. (estimated) Helena, Itsuki and Isshiki
continue their education at the Bahbem Foundation. A left over
of the continuing research into Dolems is discovered by Isshiki
and he integrates with this prototype Dolem. The subsequent
destruction of that Dolem psychologicly scars Isshiki who is
already troubled by his lack of parents. Slowly Isshiki begins
to know that he is in reality a cloned and quite expendable
instrumentalist. He resolves to prove himself unique and
distinguish himself by deeds.
- 2009 A.D. (estimated) Ayato paints Haruka Mishima
standing on a rock looking out to sea, while visiting his
father, Shirou Watari, who is still working on the Neriya
ruins. This is the begining of the relationship between the two
and forms an indelible imprint in Ayato's mind. Upon return to
Tokyo the two meet again at school becoming a couple. Here is
where Haruka meets Maya Kamina unaware that Maya is the adopted
daughter of her uncle Shougo Rikudoh.
Ayato also enters a picture into the Nationwide Elementary
Art competition for that year.
- 2012 A.D. December 28th The dimensional barrier
weakens enough that the Mu send their first city through,
appearing over Tokyo in Japan. Sendai city also suffers a
visitation with a city appearing over it.
- 2012 A.D. December 29th Haruka Mishima and her
heavily pregnant mother are visiting relatives in Nara watching
the news of the appearance of the Mu.
- 2013 A.D. January 4th Maya activates the absolute
barrier which begins establishing itself over Tokyo. The Mu,
aware that the Xephon system requires two instrumentalists,
engineer a fake war with humanity thanks to the placement of
Kuki, Maya and Niwa within the Tokyo environs. Kuki Masayoshi
and Niwa, both senior officers within the Japanese Self Defense
Force, orchestrate this with the opening act ordered by Kuki -
the deployment of a fusion warhead to destroy the city floating
over Sendai. Due to the urgent rush the civilian population can
not be evacuated and a massive loss of life ensues with the
detonation of the device. Michiro Kunugi is killed in this
action much to the sorrow of Jin Kunugi, the self defence
officer who was ordered by Kuki to detonate the device. This
results in the estrangement of his wife who blames him for the
death of their child.
- 2013 A.D. January 6 through till February 12th
sporadic Dolem attacks occur across the globe. Six million in
Canberra, Australia, alone are killed by these seemingly random
attacks including the parents of Kim Hotal. All in order to
keep humanity from guessing their true intentions these
occasional Dolem excursions create the 'Great Mu War' resulting
in the death of millions of people.
- 2013 A.D. February 12th The absolute barrier around
Tokyo completes, now surrounding an area of 160 km diameter
containing within it the Mu city of Hiranipra. This city forms
the powerbase from which Tokyo is reordered. All eighteen
million within the capital are led to believe that the Mu
assault has resulted in the destruction of the rest of the
Earth and that the Dolem occasionally seen are new secret
weapons used to defend the now isolated capital. Only the
absolute barrier placed around Tokyo has saved them and while
they are fearful of another invasion the vast bulk of the
population live relatively normal lives. Including one Ayato
Kamina who has undergone extensive mental reconditioning to
forget much of his life outside Tokyo before it was secluded.
Try as they might one memory stubbornly refuses to be erased,
that of a girl standing on a rocky prominary looking out to
- 2013 A.D. June (estimated) With the shock of the Mu
invasion and the 'Great Mu War' begining to wear off repercussions
begin to hit home. Maya Kamina is branded a traitor to humanity for
her part in secluding Tokyo, Shirow changes his surname (possibly to
avoid the backlash being vented) from Kamina to Watari. Kunugi is
held primarily responsible for the actions at Sendai that triggered
the war proper and is drummed out of the military. Somehow Shirow
manages to convince him to join him at TERRA and help humanity
prepare for the day when the Mu will emerge again.
- 2013-2027 With assistance from the Bahbem Foundation
development of Trans Dimensional theory makes rapid strides,
along with weapons technology and power generation through
tapping into Quantum Zero Point energy. Amongst the world
Federation formed to provide a unified front there is growing
disquiet at just how much the Bahbem Foundation knows regarding
Mu technology and techniques. Bahbem uses his influence to form
a force dedicated to rapid response to the Mu threat and
continued research. Consequently the Tereno Empireo Rapidmova
Reackii Armeo is formed with a charter into responding rapidly
to the Mu's incursions outside the absolute barrier as well as
continuing research into Mu technology. Suspicion begins to
grow that the Bahbem Foundation knows a little too much and may
actually be colluding with the Mu. Various branches of the
Federation begin investigating this.
- 2019 A.D. Haruka Mishima and Itsuki Kisaragi meet at
college and discuss music theory. Shortly thereafter the two
have a relationship that is eventually cut off when Itsuki
realises that Haruka still loves someone trapped within the
Tokyo Jupiter area. (Indeed because Itsuki is a twin to Ayato
one could even say Haruka was drawn to him because of his
- 2020 A.D. (estimated) Haruka Mishima's mother,
having given up waiting for her husband inside the Tokyo
Jupiter zone, remarries and adopts the new surname of
- 2022 A.D. Haruka, having graduated, gains employment
with TERRA bringing her younger sister Megumi with her. Both
move in with Shougo Rikudoh, their uncle, on Nirai
- 2027 A.D. November 24th Operation Overlord begins
with fighters providing a distraction over the city of Tokyo
while Haruka enters to bring Ayato Kamina out to the real
- 2027 A.D. November 26th Having succesfully extracted
Ayato and the RahXephon Haruka returns both back to Nirai-
- 2027 A.D. December 23rd (day estimated) Strategic
Intelligence Officer Jimonji, posing as Futagami - a reporter
from Amaro News service, begins investigating around Nirai
Island. He begins reporting back to the Federation.
- 2028 A.D. May 5th Megumi Shitow is promoted from
trainee officer to Class 3 permanent staff with TERRA. Ayato
steals the RahXephon and with Quon proceeds to enter the Tokyo
- 2028 A.D. May 6th (estimated) Due to Ayato's actions
in stealing the RahXephon Commander Jin Kunugi is suspended
from command and replaced by Makoto Isshiki.
- 2028 A.D. May 10th (estimated) Ayato escapes from
Tokyo Jupiter with Asahina Hiroko.
- 2028 A.D. May 15th (estimated) Ayato fights the
Dolem synchronised with Asahina resulting in the destruction of
the Dolem, Asahina's death as well as the unnamed Mu. Futagami,
and as a result of following him the Bahbem Foundation, track
- 2028 A.D. May 19th (estimated) Ayato is returned to
TERRA, narrowly escaping being executed for treason by Makoto.
Complicating matters is the interference of Ixtli who is
manipulating Makoto into doing what is required for Ayato to
tune the world.
- 2028 A.D. May 23rd Operation Downfall results in the
destruction of the absolute barrier. This barrier is what has
been containing the instrumentalists being prepared by the Mu
allowing them to rapidly expand their powerbase out into the
world. Sending through the remainder of their cities they
deliver an ultimatum, return the RahXephon within twenty four
hours or suffer the consequences. This results in Makoto
Isshiki being removed from command and incarcerated. His sanity
breaks as a result.
- 2028 A.D. May 24th Kuki Masayoshi combines with a
Dolem of considerable power and heads to Nirai-Kanai to force
the return of the RahXephon. (Not to mention engage in some
very unseemly gloating over Jin Kunugi.) Jin uses an ancient Mu
TDD device to establish an absolute barrier over Nirai-Kanai,
destroying the massive Dolem hovering over the island and
killing Kuki as a result.
- 2028 A.D. May 26th (estimated) Fighting breaks out
in earnest between the Mu and human forces.
- 2028 A.D. May 27th (estimated) After sailing
overnight the civilian population of Nirai-Kanai completes
evacuating to Supply Base 707 while the fleet returns to
combat. Ayato makes the choice to complete the RahXephon and
merge with it. As a part of his frenzied and confused merging
he accidentally kills Mamoru Torigai, Elvy Hadhiat and Yagumo
Souichi amongst many others. Makoto Isshiki escapes from
confinement killing anyone in his path, he makes his way to the
ruined church outside the Supply Base where he knows Bahbem
will be - awaiting the tuning of the world. Killing the older
Bahbem body which is now housing Helena he continues to rant at
his discovery that many copies of himself have been made to be
expendable combat troops right up to being shot by Bahbem
staff. Itsuki, finally weary of the manipulation and unbridled
arrogance of Bahbem, threatens to shoot Bahbem (ne Helena) but
is stopped by Nanamori who is calculatedly goaded into stabbing
Jumonji (aka Futagami) waits for Bahbem to emerge from the
church questioning him to see just how long Bahbem has been
manipulating things to reach this end. After finding out what
he wanted to know he prevents Bahbem from seeing his project
complete the tuning of the world by shooting him. Ayato finaly
gets clear in his head exactly what it is he wants to achieve
and tunes the world.
- 2030 (estimated) Soon to be Associate Professor
Ayato and Haruka Kamina contemplate the latest painting by
Ayato of a girl in a yellow dress standing on a rock looking
out to sea. Their child, Quon, looks on approvingly from the
cot and one painting on a wall shows a stylised winged
There you have it. If you spot any errors please give me a yell
via email and let me know about em.
Philip R. Banks